Title腹腔镜与开腹结直肠癌根治术临床疗效的比较
Other TitlesLaparoscopic versus open surgery in the treatment of colorectal cancer
Authors尹慕军
王杉
叶颖江
姜可伟
杨晓东
申占龙
谢启伟
许峰
李士杰
Affiliation北京大学人民医院胃肠外科,100044
Keywords结直肠肿瘤
腹腔镜
结肠直肠切除术,重建性
Colorectal neoplasms
Laparoscopes
Proctocolectomy,restorative
Issue Date2009
Publisher中华普通外科杂志
Citation中华普通外科杂志.2009,24,(7),543-546.
Abstract目的 比较结直肠癌腹腔镜与开腹根治术的临床疗效.方法 回顾性分析2004年9月至2007年10月由同一组手术医生完成的77例腹腔镜和90例开腹结直肠癌根治术的手术情况、术后恢复、并发症、病理资料和随访结果,并进行比较.均数检验采用t检验,率的检验采用x2检验,生存分析使用Kaplan-Meier法和Log-rank检验. 结果腹腔镜组平均手术时间(248±79)min明显长于开腹组的(225±61)min(t=-2.11,P=0.036);将术中出血量、术后使用镇痛剂比例、排气时间、住院时间进行比较,腹腔镜组分别为(210±183)ml、48%、(2.9±1.3)d和(12.5 ± 4.3)d,明显好于开腹组[(316±280)ml(t=2.82,P=0.005)]、[80%(x2=18.69,P<0.01)]、[(4.3±1.7)d(t=5.59,P<0.01)]和[(15.5±6.4)d(t=2.32,P=0.039)];肠管切除长度、直肠肿瘤下切缘长度以及淋巴结清除数腹腔镜组分别为(18.9±6.4)cm、(5.1±2.2)cm和(14.2±6.2)个,开腹组为[(20.0±8.0)cm(t=0.88,P=0.383)]、[(4.1±1.9)cm(t=-1.84,P=0.07)]和[(15.3 ± 6.5)个(t=1.04,P=0.3)],两组差异无统计学意义.术后平均随访28个月,腹腔镜组未发现切口和穿刺孔肿瘤种植,开腹组1例切口种植.3年累计生存率腹腔镜组和开腹组分别为86%和81%,差异无统计学意义(x2=0.38,P=0.54).结论 腹腔镜结直肠癌手术可达到与开腹手术同样的肿瘤根治效果.
Objective To compare the therapeutic efficiency of laparoscopic and open radical colorectal surgery in the treatment of colorectal carcinoma. Methods Clinical data of 77 cases undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery from September 2004 to October 2007 were compared with 90 patients treated by open surgery. Results Mean operating time was longer in the laparoseopic group than that in the open group [248 minutes vs. 225 minutes (t = -2. 11 ,P =0. 036)], blood loss was less in laparoscopic group [210 ml vs. 315 ml (t = 2. 82, P = 0. 005)]. Laparoscopic surgery was associated with lower rate of analgesia use [48% vs. 80% (x2 = 18. 69 ,P < 0. 01)], earlier recovery of bowel function [2. 9 days vs. 4. 3 days(t =5.59,P <0. 01)]and shorter hospital stay [12. 5 days vs. 15.5 days (t =2. 32,P=0. 039)]compared with open surgery. The number of removed lymph nodes [14. 2 vs. 15.3 (t = 1.04, P = 0. 3)]and length of reseeted bowel [18. 9 cm vs. 20. 0 cm, (t = 0. 88,P = 0. 383)]were not different between the two groups. The mean follow-up time of the two groups were 28 months, local recurrence rate, metachronous metastases rate and 3-year cumulative survival rate were not statistically different between the two groups. Conclusion Laparoscopic surgery is as effective as conventional open surgery in the treatment of colorectal carcinoma.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11897/136044
ISSN1007-631X
DOI10.3760/cma.j.issn.1007-631X.2009.07.009
Indexed中文核心期刊要目总览(PKU)
中国科技核心期刊(ISTIC)
中国科学引文数据库(CSCD)
Appears in Collections:人民医院

Web of Science®



Checked on Last Week

Scopus®



Checked on Current Time

百度学术™



Checked on Current Time

Google Scholar™





License: See PKU IR operational policies.