|Title||Photon gas thermodynamics in doubly special relativity|
|Affiliation||Peking Univ, Sch Phys, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.|
Peking Univ, State Key Lab Nucl Phys & Technol, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
Peking Univ, Ctr High Energy Phys, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
Peking Univ, Ctr Hist & Philosophy Sci, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
|Keywords||Doubly special relativity|
|Abstract||Doubly special relativity (DSR), with both an invariant velocity and an invariant length scale, elegantly preserves the principle of relativity between moving observers, and appears as a promising candidate of the quantum theory of gravity. We study the modifications of photon gas thermodynamics in the framework of DSR with an invariant length vertical bar lambda vertical bar, after properly taking into account the effects of modified dispersion relation, upper bounded energy-momentum space, and deformed integration measure. We show that with a positive the grand partition function, the energy density, the specific heat, the entropy, and the pressure are smaller than those of special relativity (SR), while the velocity of photons and the ratio of pressure to energy are larger. In contrast, with a negative lambda, the quantum gravity effects show up in the opposite direction. However, these effects only manifest themselves significantly when the temperature is larger than 10(-3)E(P). Thus, DSR can have considerable influence on the early universe in cosmological study. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||物理学院|