TitleWestern technical traditions of pottery making in Tang Dynasty China: chemical evidence from the Liquanfang Kiln site, Xi'an city
AuthorsCui, Jianfeng
Rehren, Th.
Lei, Yong
Cheng, Xiaolin
Jiang, Jie
Wu, Xiaohong
AffiliationPeking Univ, Sch Archaeol & Museol, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
UCL, Inst Archaeol, London WC1H 0PY, England.
Palace Museum, Beijing 100003, Peoples R China.
Chinese Natl Museum, Beijing 100003, Peoples R China.
Shaanxi Prov Inst Archaeol, Xian 710054, Peoples R China.
KeywordsTang sancai pottery
Liquanfang kiln site
Chemical analysis
Calcareous body
Technical tradition
Issue Date2010
Publisherjournal of archaeological science
CitationJOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE.2010,37,(7),1502-1509.
AbstractThis study is based on the SEM-EDS and LA-ICP-AES analyses of a sample of twenty-nine Tang sancai sherds unearthed from the Liquanfang site, Xi'an city. The results indicate that ceramics with yellowish bodies are calcareous and those with red bodies were made of ferruginous clays. The use of calcareous clay in Tang sancai bodies is otherwise unknown in Chinese history, which suggests that the technique of Tang sancai making at this site might have been influenced by ceramic technology from the Near East or Central Asia. The paper therefore argues that the traditional approach of treating calcareous clay as the main characteristic of pottery made in the ancient Near East or Central Asia is not necessarily accurate. It is likely that some calcareous Tang sancai ceramics were made in the capital city of the Tang dynasty. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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