TitleMoving agriculture onto the Tibetan plateau: the archaeobotanical evidence
Authorsd'Alpoim Guedes, Jade
Lu, Hongliang
Li, Yongxian
Spengler, Robert N.
Wu, Xiaohong
Aldenderfer, Mark S.
AffiliationHarvard Univ, Dept Anthropol, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA.
Sichuan Univ, Dept Archaeol, Chengdu 610064, Sichuan, Peoples R China.
Washington Univ, Dept Anthropol, St Louis, MO 63130 USA.
Peking Univ, Sch Archaeol & Museol, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
Univ Calif Merced, Sch Social Sci Humanities & Arts, Merced, CA USA.
Harvard Univ, Dept Anthropol, 11 Divin Ave, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA.
KeywordsAgriculture
Pastoralism
Archaeobotany
Tibet
Economy
CULTIVATED BARLEY
PANICUM-MILIACEUM
NORTHERN CHINA
DOMESTICATION
ORIGIN
WHEAT
DNA
MILLET
WILD
PASTORALISTS
Issue Date2014
Publisherarchaeological and anthropological sciences
CitationARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES.2014,6,(3),255-269.
AbstractThe Tibetan Plateau has one of the least hospitable environments for agriculture on the planet; however, its inhabitants have developed an economic system based on agriculture and pastoralism suited to it's geoenvironmental stressors. Little is known about the timing of the spread of agriculture onto the plateau or how agricultural systems were adapted to this environment. In this article, we present palaeoethnobotanical data from two sites, Changdu Karuo (c. 2700-2300 cal B.C.) and Kyung-lung Mesa (A.D. 220-334 and A.D. 694-880). In addition, we synthesize previously reported data (much of which has never been published in peer-reviewed journals). We argue that the earliest agriculture was based on millets (broomcorn and foxtail) and was accompanied by a pig-based economic system. This early economy, which likely originated in western China, was later replaced by a better adapted system, similar to those identified in Central Asia. The later system was based on crops such as wheat, barley, peas, and millets, as well as sheep and goat pastoralism. Wild resources obtained through hunting, fishing, and foraging appear to have been complements to the diet on the Tibetan Plateau.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11897/209052
ISSN1866-9557
DOI10.1007/s12520-013-0153-4
IndexedA&HCI
SCI(E)
SSCI
Appears in Collections:考古文博学院

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