Title西南印度洋中脊三维地震探测中炮点与海底地震仪的位置校正
Other TitlesThe correction of shot and OBS position in the 3D seismic experiment of the SW Indian Ocean Ridge
Authors敖威
赵明辉
丘学林
李家彪
陈永顺
阮爱国
李守军
张佳政
吴振利
牛雄伟
Affiliation中国科学院边缘海地质重点实验室中国科学院南海海洋研究所
中国科学院研究生院
国家海洋局第二海洋研究所
北京大学地球与空间科学学院
Keywords海底地震仪
位置校正
三维地震探测
西南印度洋中脊
Ocean Bottom Seismometer
OBS relocation
3D seismic experiment
SW Indian Ocean Ridge
Issue Date2010
Publisher地球物理学报
Citation地球物理学报.2010,(12),2982-2991.
Abstract在海上实施三维地震探测过程中,人工震源枪阵中心与船上GPS的距离及地震探测作业中的船行方向造成炮点实际位置与预设位置有一定偏差;自由落体投放的OBS由于海流的影响会偏离原定设计位置(投放点),因此,炮点与海底地震仪(OBS)的位置校正是三维地震结构研究中的基本环节.本文利用艏向信息校正了炮点位置;采用蒙特卡洛和最小二乘法方法对海底地震仪的位置进行了校正,并探讨了直达水波曲线特征.结果表明OBS位置一般偏离设计点1km左右,其误差范围在20m以内,校正后的OBS记录剖面展示了真实的记录情况.该研究结果为下一步西南印度洋的三维层析成像研究提供了坚实数据基础,同时为今后南海的三维深部地壳结构探测提供...
In a three-dimensional (3-D) seismic experiment carried out at sea, due to the distance between GPS antenna on ship and the center of air gun sources in sea water, and some environmental factors such as wind and sea current, the survey ship would adjust its heading direction which causes the shot's real position to deviate from presupposed shot track; meanwhile, real locations of OBSs on the seafloor would drift from designed points (deployed locations) since OBSs are of free-fall type and are usually affected by sea current during descending. So, the calibration of air gun shot and Ocean Bottom Seismometer (OBS) locations are basic steps for later studies on fine seismic velocity tomography. Our research focuses on the correction of shot and OBS positions with latest data from a new 3D seismic experiment in the SW Indian Ocean Ridge. The shot positions were corrected with geometric relationship among ship's heading, GPS antenna and the air gun array. The correction of OBS positions was based on travel times of direct water waves, and Monte Carlo and Least Square Methods were adopted. In addition, we discuss the relationship between reduced travel time curve of direct water wave and OBS deviation. Our results show that OBS locations generally drifted from the design points about 1 km, with an error range of 0 similar to 20 m and shots were adjusted to their actual positions. The research results do not only supply a fundamental database for the 3D seismic tomography in SW Indian Ocean Ridge, but also provide valuable experiences for 3D seismic survey in the South China Sea in future.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11897/242008
ISSN0001-5733
DOI10.3969/j.issn.0001-5733.2010.12.022
IndexedSCI(E)
中文核心期刊要目总览(PKU)
中国科技核心期刊(ISTIC)
中国科学引文数据库(CSCD)
Appears in Collections:地球与空间科学学院

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