TitleTime-Course of Attentional Bias for Positive Social Words in Individuals with High and Low Social Anxiety
AuthorsYu, Hongyu
Li, Songwei
Qian, Mingyi
Yang, Peng
Wang, Xiaoling
Lin, Muyu
Yao, Nisha
AffiliationPeking Univ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
Peking Univ, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
KeywordsAttentional bias
positive social words
social anxiety
dot-probe paradigm
FACIAL EXPRESSIONS
ANGRY FACES
PHOBIA
EVENTS
FEAR
BEHAVIORS
DISORDER
STIMULI
SUCCESS
Issue Date2014
CitationBEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY.2014,42,(4),479-490.
AbstractBackground: Although accumulating research demonstrates the association between attentional bias and social anxiety, the bias for positive stimuli has so far not been adequately studied. Aims: The aim is to investigate the time-course of attentional bias for positive social words in participants with high and low social anxiety. Method: In a modified dot-probe task, word-pairs of neutral and positive social words were randomly presented for 100, 500, and 1250 milliseconds in a nonclinical sample of students to test their attentional bias. Results: Non-significant interaction of Group x Exposure Duration was found. However, there was a significant main effect of group, with significantly different response latencies between the high social anxiety (HSA) and low social anxiety (LSA) groups in the 100 ms condition, without for 500 or 1250 ms. With respect to attentional bias, the LSA group showed enhanced preferential attention for positive social words to which the HSA group showed avoidance in the 100 ms condition. In the 500 ms condition, preferential attention to positive social words was at trend in the LSA group, relative to the HSA group. Neither group showed attentional bias in the 1250 ms condition. Conclusions: These findings extend recent research about the attention training program and add to the empirical literature suggesting that the initial avoidance of positive stimuli may contribute to maintaining social anxiety.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11897/299891
ISSN1352-4658
DOI10.1017/S1352465813000398
IndexedPubMed
SSCI
Appears in Collections:心理与认知科学学院

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