TitleBody size, body proportions, and encephalization in a Middle Pleistocene archaic human from northern China
AuthorsRosenberg, KR
Zune, L
Ruff, CB
AffiliationUniv Delaware, Dept Anthropol, Newark, DE 19716 USA.
Peking Univ, Dept Archaeol, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Med, Ctr Funct Anat & Evolut, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA.
Keywordsclimatic adaptation
paleoanthropology
Pleistocene
MASS PREDICTION
BRAIN SIZE
HOMO
STATURE
FEMUR
Issue Date2006
Publisherproceedings of the national academy of sciences of the united states of america
CitationPROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.2006,103,(10),3552-3556.
AbstractThe unusual discovery of associated cranial and postcranial elements from a single Middle Pleistocene fossil human allows us to calculate body proportions and relative cranial capacity (encephalization quotient) for that individual rather than rely on estimates based on sample means from unassociated specimens. The individual analyzed here (Jinniushan) from northeastern China at 260,000 years ago is the largest female specimen yet known in the human fossil record and has body proportions (body height relative to body breadth and relative limb length) typical of cold-adapted populations elsewhere in the world. Her encephalization quotient of 4.15 is similar to estimates for late Middle Pleistocene humans that are based on mean body size and mean brain size from unassociated specimens.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11897/398719
ISSN0027-8424
DOI10.1073/pnas.0508681103
IndexedSCI(E)
SSCI
Appears in Collections:考古文博学院

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