Title北京市养老机构床位使用率现状调查
Other TitlesThe current status of bed occupancy rate of long-term care facilities in Beijing
Authors马晓雯
肖文文
谢红
Affiliation北京大学护理学院,100191
Keywords床位使用率
养老机构
rate of bed occupancy
long-term care facilities
Issue Date2015
Publisher中国护理管理
Citation中国护理管理.2015,15,(7),773-777.
Abstract目的:调查北京市养老机构床位使用率现状,比较公办与民办养老机构的床位使用率差异,为养老机构运营管理、政府制定相关政策提供依据.方法:采用自设问卷,对北京市362家养老机构进行横断面调查.结果:养老机构床位使用率为49.67(22.11,78.33)%.床均职工数、床均护理员数、床均经认证机构培训的护理员数、投保床位率、收住社会老人所占比例、是否与就近医疗机构签订医疗保障协议以及医疗保障是否纳入医保定点对养老机构床位使用率的影响有统计学意义.经过协方差处理,公办与民办养老机构相对床位使用率差异无统计学意义.结论:北京市养老机构床位使用率较低,公办与民办养老机构床位使用率无差别,机构及相关部门可从机构人力配置、床位投保、医疗保障、收住社会老人所占比例等多方面综合考虑以提高床位使用率.
Objective: To understand the current status of the bed occupancy rate of long-term care facilities in Beijing and explore its influencing factors. Then, comparing the bed occupancy rate between public facilities and private facilities so as to provide evidence for the management of facilities and policy-making of government. Method: This study investigated 362 long-term care facilities by using self-made questionnaire. Result: The median rate of bed occupancy was 49.67 (22.11, 78.33) %. The multiple regression analysis showed that the rate of bed occupancy would be inlfuenced by per bed number of staffs, per bed number of nursing attendants, per bed number of certiifed nursing attendants, rate of insured bed, percentage of public residents, medical service contract with nearby health facilities, medical service covered by insurance. The covariance analysis showed that the bed occupancy rate difference between public facilities and private facilities was no statistic meaning. Conclusion: The bed occupancy of long-term care facilities in Beijing was on a low level. The bed occupancy rates were no difference between public long-term care facilities and private facilities. Facilities and government should consider manpower allocation, bed insurance, medical service and the percentage of public residents synthetically to improve the rate of bed occupancy.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11897/414605
ISSN1672-1756
DOI10.3969/j.issn.1672-1756.2015.07.002
Indexed中国科技核心期刊(ISTIC)
中国科学引文数据库(CSCD)
Appears in Collections:护理学院

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