|Title||Comparison of air pollutant emissions and household air quality in rural homes using improved wood and coal stoves|
|Affiliation||Peking Univ, Coll Urban & Environm Sci, Lab Earth Surface Proc, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.|
Zhejiang Univ Technol, Coll Environm, Hangzhou 310014, Zhejiang, Peoples R China.
Beijing Univ Chem Technol, Dept Environm Sci & Technol, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China.
Jinan Univ, Guangzhou Key Lab Environm Exposure & Hlth, Sch Environm, Guangdong Key Lab Environm Pollut & Hlth, Guangzhou 510632, Guangdong, Peoples R China.
Univ Massachusetts, Stockbridge Sch Agr, Amherst, MA 01003 USA.
|Keywords||Field emission testing|
Wood gasifier stove
Household air pollution
CARBONACEOUS PARTICULATE MATTER
|Abstract||Air pollutant emissions, fuel consumption, and household air pollution were investigated in rural Hubei, central China, as a revisited evaluation of an intervention program to replace coal use by wood in gasifier stoves. Measured emission factors were comparable to the results measured two years ago when the program was initiated. Coal combustion produced significantly higher emissions of CO2, CH4, and SO2 compared with wood combustion; however, wood combustion in gasifier stoves had higher emissions of primary PM2.5 (particles with diameter less than 2.5 mu m), Elemental Carbon (EC) and Organic Carbon (OC). In terms of potential impacts on climate, although the use of wood in gasifier stoves produced more black carbon (6.37 vs 910 gCO(2)e per day per capita from coal and wood use) and less SO2 (-684 vs -312), obvious benefits could be obtained owing to greater OC emissions (-15.4 vs -431), fewer CH4 emissions (865 vs 409) and, moreover, a reduction of CO2 emissions. The total GWC100 (Global Warming Potential over a time horizon of 100 years) would decrease by approximately 90% if coal use were replaced with renewable wood burned in gasifier stoves. However, similar levels of ambient particles and higher indoor OC and EC were found at homes using wood gasifier stoves compared to the coal-use homes. This suggests critical investigations on potential health impacts from the carbon-reduction intervention program. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||城市与环境学院|