Title某医学院校学生对学校艾滋病健康教育需求的调查
Other TitlesInvestigation on AIDS-related health education demands among college students in a medical school
Authors陈丽颖
王宗斌
张欣
叶墨
孙昕霙
常春
史宇晖
Affiliation北京大学公共卫生学院学院办公室,北京,100191
北京大学公共卫生学院2014级预防医学专业1班,北京,100191
北京大学公共卫生学院社会医学与健康教育学系,北京,100191
Keywords医学生
艾滋病
知识
健康教育
College Students
HIV/AIDS
Knowledge
Health education
Issue Date2017
Publisher中国健康教育
Citation中国健康教育. 2017, 33(3), 247-250.
Abstract目的 了解某医学院校学生寻求艾滋病相关知识的意愿、途径及其所在院校的健康教育和服务环境状况,为进一步开展艾滋病健康教育提供依据.方法 采用分层整群抽样的方法,利用《大学生预防艾滋病知识与能力调查问卷》,对某医学院校两个年级7个专业的1000名学生进行问卷调查.结果 共发放调查问卷1000份,回收有效问卷632份,有效回收率为63.2%.其中男生286人(45.5%),女生343人(54.5%).87.5%的被调查学生希望了解艾滋病相关知识,其中女生高于男生,差异具有统计学意义(x2=4.266,P<0.05).但仅有23.1% (145/632)学生主动了解过艾滋病相关知识.主动了解知识的同学中,81.4% (118/145)的学生希望通过学校健康教育获得艾滋病相关知识,但实际上71.7% (60/145)的学生是通过网络获得的.64.3%的学生知道学校开展过艾滋病健康教育,仅46.1%感到满意.超过70%的学生对学校提供的艾滋病服务不了解.年级差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 为更好满足大学生对艾滋病相关知识和服务的需求,应进一步改善学校提供的艾滋病服务内容和健康教育方式,提高学校艾滋病健康教育能力,并注重提高学生寻求艾滋病相关知识的积极性.
Objective To understand AIDS-related knowledge,information access way and service provided by school among college students in a medical school,and provide evidence for further AIDS-related health education.Methods By using stratified cluster sampling methods.A questionnaire survey was conducted among 1000 students from 7 speciahies in a medical school with Questionnaire of HIV/AIDS Preventive Knowledge and Ability among College Students.Results 1000 students were enrolled and 632 valid questionnaires were collected,the valid recovery rate was 63.2%,included 286 male students (45.5%) and 343 female students (54.5%).87.5% of the students wanted to know more about AIDS-related knowledge,the percentage of girls was higher than that of boys,and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =4.266,P < 0.05).But only 23.1% (145/632) of the students sought AIDS-related knowledge initiatively.Although 81.4% (118/145) of them wanted to gain AIDS-related knowledge through school health education,71.7% (60/145) of them actually obtained through the network by themselves.64.3% of the students knew that AIDS health education were provided by school,however,only 46.1% of them were satisfied at those.More than 70% of the students did not know AIDS-related service provided by school,and the difference between grades were statistically significant (P < 0.05).Conclusion The contents and abilities of AIDS-related health education provided by school should be further improved in order to match the demands of AIDS-related health education and service among college students,and to increase students' enthusiasm on seeking AIDS-related knowledge.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11897/467891
ISSN1002-9982
DOI10.16168/j.cnki.issn.1002-9982.2017.03.014
Appears in Collections:公共卫生学院

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