Title新疆小河墓地附近全新世环境演变及其对人类活动的影响(英文)
Other TitlesHolocene environmental changes around Xiaohe Cemetery and its effects on human occupation, Xinjiang, China
Authors张翼飞
莫多闻
胡珂
宝文博
李文瑛
伊弟利斯·阿不都热苏勒
AffiliationLaboratory for Earth Surface Process,Ministry of Education,College of Urban and Environmental Sciences,Peking University
Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology
College of Archaeology and Museology,Peking University
Xinjiang Cultural Relics and Archaeology Institute
School of Anthropology,Washington University in St. Louis
Keywordshuman-environment interaction
Xiaohe Cemetery
Holocene
environmental change
sedimentary sequence
human-environment interaction
Xiaohe Cemetery
Holocene
environmental change
sedimentary sequence
ARID CENTRAL-ASIA
BOSTEN LAKE
CLIMATE-CHANGE
HUMAN SETTLEMENT
TIBET PLATEAU
RIVER VALLEY
EVOLUTION
BASIN
AGRICULTURE
SEDIMENTS
Issue Date2017
PublisherJournal of Geographical Sciences
CitationJournal of Geographical Sciences. 2017, 752-768.
AbstractThe Xiaohe Cemetery archaeological site(Cal.4–3.5 ka BP)is one of the most important Bronze Age sites in Xinjiang,China.Although the surrounding environment is an extremely arid desert now,abundant archaeological remains indicate that human occupation was common during certain periods in the Holocene.Field investigations and laboratory analyses of a sediment profile near the Xiaohe Cemetery indicate that while the regional environment was arid desert throughout the Holocene there were three episodes of lake
The Xiaohe Cemetery archaeological site (Cal. 4-3.5 ka BP) is one of the most important Bronze Age sites in Xinjiang, China. Although the surrounding environment is an extremely arid desert now, abundant archaeological remains indicate that human occupation was common during certain periods in the Holocene. Field investigations and laboratory analyses of a sediment profile near the Xiaohe Cemetery indicate that while the regional environment was arid desert throughout the Holocene there were three episodes of lake formation near the site in the periods 4.8-3.5 ka BP, 2.6-2.1 ka BP and 1.2-0.9 ka BP. Geomorphic and hydrological investigations reveal that a lake or lakes formed in a low-lying area when water was derived initially from the Kongque River and then shunted into the Xiaohe River basin. Low amounts of active chemical elements in lacustrine sediment between 4.8-3.5 ka BP indicate abundant and continuous water volume in the lake; the content of active chemical elements increased between 2.6-2.1 ka BP but was still at a relatively low level, suggesting a declining amount of water and diminished inflow. Between 1.2-0.9 ka BP there was a very high content of active elements, suggesting decreased water volume and indicating that the lake was stagnate. In contrast, the general climate condition shows that there had a warm-humid stage at 8-6 ka BP, a cool-humid stage at 6-2.9 ka BP and a warm-dry stage at 2.9-0.9 ka BP in this region. The hydrological evolutions around Xiaohe Cemetery did not have one-to-one correspondence with climate changes. Regional comparison indicates that broad-scale climatic conditions played an important role through its influences on the water volume of the Tarim River and Kongque River. But, the formation of the lakes and their level were controlled by geomorphic conditions that influenced how much water volume could be shunted to Xiaohe River from Kongque River. Human occupation of the Xiaohe Cemetery and nearby regions during the Bronze Age and Han-Jin period (202 BC-420 AD) corresponded to the two earlier lake periods, while no human activities existed in the third lake period because of the decreased water volume.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11897/473282
ISSN1009-637X
DOI10.1007/s11442-017-1404-6
IndexedSCI(E)
Appears in Collections:城市与环境学院
地表过程分析与模拟教育部重点实验室
考古文博学院

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