TitleTransport pathway and source area for Artemisia pollen in Beijing, China
AuthorsQin, Xiaoxin
Li, Yiyin
Sun, Xu
Meng, Ling
Wang, Xiaoke
AffiliationPeking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China
Chinese Acad Sci, Res Ctr Ecoenvironm Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
KeywordsArtemisia pollen
Transport pathway
Source area
Back trajectories
Issue Date2019
AbstractArtemisia pollen is an important allergen responsible for allergic rhinitis in Beijing, China. To explore the transport pathways and source areas of Artemisia pollen, we used Burkard 7-day traps to monitor daily pollen concentrations in 2016 in an urban and suburban locality. Backward trajectories of 24- and 96-h and their cluster analysis were performed to identify transport pathways of Artemisia pollen using the HYSPLIT model on 0.5 degrees x0.5 degrees GADS meteorological data. The potential source contribution function (PSCF) and concentration weighted trajectory (CWT) were calculated to further identify the major potential source areas at local, regional, and long-range scales. Our results showed significant differences in Artemisia pollen concentration between urban and suburban areas, attributed to differences in plant distribution and altitude of the sampling locality. Such differences arisen from both pollen emission and air mass movements, hence pollen dispersal. At local or regional scales, source area of northwestern parts of Beijing City, Hebei Province and northern and northwestern parts of Inner Mongolia influenced the major transport pathways of Artemisia pollen. Transport pathway at a long-range scale and its corresponding source area extended to northwestern parts of Mongolia. The regional-scale transport affected by wind and altitude is more profound for Artemisia pollen at the suburban than at the urban station.
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