Title~(210)Po标准平面源的制备及表征
Other TitlesPreparation and Characterization of Standard Plane Source of ~(210)Po
Authors范富有
梁珺成
刘皓然
杨志杰
张明
张健
邹宇
Affiliation中国计量科学研究院电离辐射计量科学研究所
北京大学化学与分子工程学院
Keywords~(210)Po
标准平面源
制备
表征
~(210)Po
standard plane source
preparation
characterization
Issue Date2019
Publisher核化学与放射化学
Abstract~(210)Po的标准平面源用于检定流气正比计数器α射线对β射线的串道比,由于~(210)Po的半衰期较短(138.4 d),检定用~(210)Po标准平面源需定期更换。本工作采用色谱柱法,从~(210)Pb的母子体溶液中分离出高纯度的~(210)Po溶液,用γ谱仪确认了~(210)Po溶液的核纯度;用电镀法制备了~(210)Po平面源,用显微镜观察其表面形貌,并通过α谱仪测量了平面源的α能谱,符合α能峰单一的要求。用2πα、2πβ粒子发射率基准装置测量该平面源的2π表面粒子发射率,达到了检定规程中2π粒子发射率处于1.0×10~4~2.0×10~5 min~(-1)之间、扩展不确定度在3.0%(k=2)以内的要求。建立了用~(210)Pb溶液中的~(210)Po制备~(210)Po标准平面源的新方法,实现了可持续提供~(210)Po标准平面源的目标。
The plane source of ~(210)Po was used for verification of gas-flow proportional counter gross alpha and gross beta measure instruments, and it was needed to be replaced by new ~(210)Po plane source because of its short half-life(138.4 d). High purity ~(210)Po solution was extracted from raw ~(210)Pb solution containing ~(210)Bi and ~(210)Po by resin before electroplating and its purity was confirmed by high purity germanium gamma spectrometer. The morphology of electroplating plane source of ~(210)Po was checked by microscope and characterized by alpha spectrometer. There was a unique alpha peak in its alpha spectrum which was satisfied with the requirements well. The primary standard for 2πα and 2πβ particles emission rate was employed to verify the 2πα and 2πβ particle emission rate. The result is between 1.0×10~4 to 2.0×10~5 min~(-1) and the expanded uncertainty is less than 3%(k=2), which show that the prepared standard plane source of ~(210)Po meet the requirements of verification regulation well. A new approach of preparation of ~(210)Po standard plane sources from ~(210)Pb is established and the goal of supplying ~(210)Po standard plane source constantly is achieved.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11897/556890
ISSN0253-9950
Indexed中文核心期刊要目总览(PKU)
Appears in Collections:化学与分子工程学院

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