Other TitlesScriptural Hermeneutics and the Sinicization of Religions:What Dao An's Translation of Buddhist Scriptures and Hermeneutic Theory Can Teach Us
scriptural hermeneutics
Dao An(道 安)
comparative study
sinicization of religions
to continue to write the history of Chinese religions
Issue Date2019
If the introduction of Buddhism into China can be seen as the first large-scale,in-depth cultural exchange between China and its outside world,and Buddhism can be taken as an exemplary case of the sinicization of non-native religions,retracing the trajectory of the achievements made by investigating the innovative efforts of its forerunners and by demonstrating the causes of the sinicization of Buddhism shall prove to be of important theoretical value and practical significance for both re-interpreting the history of Chinese Buddhism and for renewing and updating the history of Chinese religions. Rereading the theories of Dao An( 道安,312-385),an eminent Buddhist monk of the East Jin Dynasty,who was known for his ideas of"five cases of missing the original meaning"( 五失本) and "three difficulties"( 三不易),we may find out that since the very beginning of the "sinicization of Buddhism",the idea of"five cases of missing the original meaning"has touched upon the indigenization and nationalization of vocabulary,grammar and genre in the Chinese translation of Buddhist scriptures,and the idea of "three difficulties"has conveyed the challenges,principles and levels of success for scriptural translation,as both methodological contributions to the translation of world's religious classics and the hermeneutics involved. It is thus possible to suggest that among Dao An's many accomplishments in promoting Buddhism,the "sinicization in the translation of Buddhist scriptures and scriptural hermeneutics"should be regarded as his top achievement,which has since become the foundation of the sinicization of Buddhism. In particular,the temporal principle for scriptural translation,the primary idea of Dao An's "three difficulties"theory,is most worth studying and expounding,for it will help the scholars to reflect on the theoretical foundations of the history of world religions,and to become inspired in their efforts to continue to write the history of Chinese religions.
Appears in Collections:哲学系(宗教学系)

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