Title中重度智力落后儿童性别恒常性与同伴群体关系研究
Other TitlesA Study on the Relationship between Gender Constancy and Peer Group in Children with Moderate and Severe Mental Retardation
Authors卢宇
刘晓明
束丽菲
韩硕
朱天然
胡萍
Affiliation北京联合大学特殊教育学院
北京市海淀区特殊教育研究与指导中心
北京大学国际医院
青岛市南区逍遥路幼儿园
Keywords中重度智力落后儿童
性别恒常性
同伴群体关系
Children with moderate and severe mental retardation
Gender constancy
Peer group relationship
Issue Date2019
Publisher北京联合大学学报
Abstract采用自编问卷了解儿童性别恒常性即性别同一性、性别稳定性、性别一致性水平的发展情况;对任课教师进行问卷调查,获得儿童同伴群体关系的类型即孤立、单一性别群体、与另一性别群体互动;并通过访谈法和观察法进一步了解学生发展情况,旨在探讨中重度智力落后儿童性别恒常性与同伴群体类型在年龄、性别上的关系。结果表明:中重度智力落后儿童在19岁仍未完全获得性别恒常性,女生的性别恒常性发展情况好于男生;随着年龄的增长,中重度智力落后儿童性别恒常性发展水平较好;随着性别恒常性的稳定发展,11~19岁的中重度智力落后儿童的同伴群体关系逐步倾向于单一性别群体、与另一性别群体互动。
A self-designed questionnaire was used to understand the development of children's gender constancy, that is, gender identity, gender stability, and gender consistency, and a questionnaire survey was conducted among teachers. The types of peer group relationships of children are isolated, single sex groups, interacting with another gender group. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between gender constancy and peer group in children with moderate and severe mental retardation. The types of peer relationships of children were determined by questionnaire survey. The results are as follows: Children with moderate and severe mental retardation at the age of 19, the development of gender constancy of girls is better than that of boys;With the increase of age, the development level of gender constancy becomes better. With the steady development of gender constancy, children aged 11~19 years with moderate and severe mental retardation tend to interact with single sex group and with another sex group.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11897/561489
ISSN1005-0310
DOI10.16255/j.cnki.ldxbz.2019.02.013
Appears in Collections:国际医院

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