Title论民主的经济条件(上)
Other TitlesThe Economic Condition to Democracy
Authors王海明
Affiliation北京大学哲学系,北京,100871
Keywords民主
经济条件
亚细亚生产方式
“古典的古代”生产方式
democracy
economic condition of democracy
the Asiatic mode of production
the &#39
classical ancient&#39
modeof production
Issue Date2012
Publisher华侨大学学报哲学社会科学版
Citation华侨大学学报:哲学社会科学版.2012,(2),1-12.
Abstract民主的经济条件虽然与民主的其他条件一样,只是民主实现的有利条件或不利条件;但是,经济条件却是民主诸条件中的始源性条件,而其他条件都是派生性条件。因为经济条件最终产生和决定民主的其他客观条件(社会条件、文化条件和政治条件)以及民主的主观条件:对民主有利的经济条件能够且迟早势必创造有利于实现民主的主观条件(庶民阶级争取民主的愿望和行动)、社会条件(公民社会)、文化条件(公民文化)和政治条件(言论、结社和建党自由);相反地,对民主不利的经济条件则能够且迟早势必创造不利于民主实现的主客观条件。这就是为什么经济条件对于是否实行民主并不具有必然的决定作用,却又能够势必导致民主的缘故。这就是为什么经济现代化对于是否实行民主并不具有必然的决定作用,却又势必导致民主的缘故:就经济现代化这一有利于民主的经济条件自身来说,对是否实行民主并不具有必然的决定作用;但就经济现代化迟早势必造成实现民主的全部主客观条件来说,则势必导致民主,使民主的出现成为一种必然趋势。
The economic condition will sooner or later create the subjective condition (the desire and action of the multitude to democracy), social condition (civil society), cultural condition (civil civilization) and political condition (the freedom of speech, association and party building) which is advantageous to realize democracy. This is why the economic modernization is on the one hand not the crucial factor to democracy, but on the other hand will inevitably lead to it. As far as the economic modernization itself is concerned, it is not necessary to democracy; but in view of the whole subjective con- dition it will create, we can say that the economic modernization will inevitably lead to democracy.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11897/61956
ISSN1006-1398
DOI10.3969/j.issn.1006-1398.2012.02.001
Appears in Collections:哲学系(宗教学系)

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